Order Food and Drug Administration Assignment

Order Food and Drug Administration Assignment
Insomnia disorder is a prevalent mental condition that affects many pregnant women. Kalmbach et al. (2022) reveal that 25 – 27% of pregnant women in the first two trimesters experience insomnia. Moreover, the study indicates that 40% of women in the final trimester of pregnancy have admitted insomnia symptoms (Kalmbach et al., 2022). The symptoms of insomnia disorder include the inability to fall asleep, waking up earlier than usual, and daytime fatigue. Health specialists diagnose patients with the condition if symptoms present themselves for three or more consecutive weeks. Pregnant women diagnosed with insomnia disorder risk preterm birth and postpartum depression.
Order Food and Drug Administration Assignment
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) agency enlists certain drugs that insomnia patients can use. Pregnant mothers must be protected from using pharmacological medicines that may adversely affect fetal development. Diazepams are depressants commonly prescribed for pregnant women, especially during the first two trimesters of pregnancy. The drug acts on the hypothalamus and thalamus parts of the central nervous system to sedate patients and reduces anxiety (Bittmann et al., 2019). Despite the everyday use of Diazepams, little is known about the extent of damage they could inflict. Its effectiveness in treating insomnia is determined by dosage. Prescription, therefore, needs to be regulated effectively.
Order Food and Drug Administration Assignment
In the US, supplements are not categorized as drugs. Therefore, the FDA does not have the mandate to approve them. Melatonin is a naturally-produced hormone secreted in the pineal gland that promotes sleep by interacting with the hypothalamus and the retina (Savage et al., 2018). Low hormone levels in the human body cause sleeplessness because of irregular sleep-wake cycles. Melatonin supplements help prevent wake-promoting signals (Savage et al., 2018). Up to 10 milligrams of Melatonin are taken two hours before a pregnant woman goes to sleep. Despite not being FDA approved, the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) considers Melatonin an effective drug in dealing with insomnia disorder.
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine theory used to treat fatigue and insomnia. The procedure has also been termed safe and effective in treating back and pelvic aches daily in pregnant women. According to Foroughinia et al. (2020), acupuncture improves the serum concentration of the sleep-inducing hormone, Melatonin. Foroughinia et al. (2020) further note that pregnant women with insomnia had their Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score spike by 6.7 points. The non-pharmacological procedure stimulates neurological points in the body that help in relaxation and better sleep patterns.

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